Genesis 10:21-32

April 25, 2011 at 5:12 pm | Posted in Bible Study | Leave a comment
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Also to Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, and the older brother of Japheth, children were born. The sons of Shem were Elam and Asshur and Arpachshad and Lud and Aram. The sons of Aram were Uz and Hul and Gether and Mash. Arpachshad became the father of Shelah; and Shelah became the father of Eber. Two sons were born to Eber; the name of the one was Peleg, for in his days the earth was divided; and his brother’s name was Joktan. Joktan became the father of Almodad and Sheleph and Hazarmaveth and Jerah and Hadoram and Uzal and Diklah and Obal and Abimael and Sheba and Ophir and Havilah and Jobab; all these were the sons of Joktan. Now their settlement extended from Mesha as you go toward Sephar, the hill country of the east. These are the sons of Shem, according to their families, according to their languages, by their lands, according to their nations. These are the families of the sons of Noah, according to their genealogies, by their nations; and out of these the nations were separated on the earth after the flood.

This week, we continue to look at the lineage of Noah through his sons. Specifically, we will look at the descendants of Shem. As I said yesterday, if you’ll watch as we move through Genesis, you’ll see that we are narrowing everything down to one man and his family. Shem’s descendants will one day be known as the Shemites (Semites) or Hebrews. While many of the names will probably not be familiar, a couple may have a ring to them.

Shem was the eldest of Noah’s 3 sons. We see when Moses introduces Shem’s line that he makes special mention that Shem is the father of all the children of Eber. This will be important. Shem was one hundred years old when the Flood came and is one of the few witnesses of the destruction. He is old enough to have helped his father build the ark and may have even preached the truth of coming judgment with his father. We really don’t know for sure. Moses goes through the sons of Shem sort of quickly, wanting to begin narrowing things down. While he does name the other sons, he focuses on Arpachshad, which Shem had two years after the Flood. Arpachshad was the father of Shelah, and Shelah was the father of Eber. Eber is said to have had two sons, Peleg and Joktan. Joktan had many sons, but other than being listed in 1 Chronicles 1:20-28, we really don’t know anything about them. We do know that Sheba, Havilah, and Ophir are also places names. The only other information we have is where they settled.

The other son of Eber is Peleg. The amount of information for Peleg in this chapter is even less than Joktan. But, that will change in the next chapter. For now, we are told an interesting tidbit about Peleg. It is these sorts of things that make the genealogies interesting. It seems as if God placed them in just to pique the interest of those who read through. We find out that it was during Peleg’s time that the “earth was divided”. There are some that believe that this was a second catastrophe like the Flood, but there is no scriptural evidence for this. It is more likely that it was in Peleg’s time that the earth was separated because of the events at the Tower of Babel, where the tribes and families were separated by languages. We will see in the next week or so what the timeline of these things is but it is enough to know that it happened in Peleg’s time.

Moses ends the chapter with a summary of all the things that have been said. These are the sons of Shem, and how they are divided (in the next chapter). He then ties it all back to Noah by reminding us that all of these people came from Noah and his wife. It is from these eight people that every tribe, tongue, and nation of history came. I realize that this is short, but it is important information. Remember that we have been given the lineage of man from Adam to Noah, and now we are getting the line from Noah to Abraham. Every person in history after the Flood can be tied to Noah. Everyone before the Flood (including Noah and his family) can be tied to Adam. There is no evolution of man. There is not divergence or confusion. We all come from Adam. This may seem like a no brainer to some, but as I said above it’s important. Because we are all descendants of Adam, we have inherited his sinful nature. Not one person that has ever lived on the planet has been without the nature of sin but Christ. Adam is the “first man” and Jesus is the “last man”. It was through Noah, Arpachshad, and Peleg that the lineage of Jesus Himself flows.

Next week, we’ll take a look at the events at Babel and see just what happened. We’d like to thank you for following along and helping spread the word about our blog and our shop. If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to ask us! See you here next week!

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