Genesis 1:9-13

September 6, 2010 at 2:40 pm | Posted in Bible Study | Leave a comment
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This week, we continue our look at the week of Creation with a more indepth view of Day 3:

Then God said, “Let the waters below the heavens be gathered into one place, and let the dry land appear”; and it was so. God called the dry land earth, and the gathering of the waters He called seas; and God saw that it was good. Then God said, “Let the earth sprout vegetation: plants yielding seed, and fruit trees on the earth bearing fruit after their kind with seed in them”; and it was so. The earth brought forth vegetation, plants yielding seed after their kind, and trees bearing fruit with seed in them, after their kind; and God saw that it was good. There was evening and there was morning, a third day.

On this third day of Creation, we have a lot of things to look at. First, we see that God commands the waters to be gathered into one place. By default, this means that all of the land was also gathered into one place. This dry land “appeared” when the waters were gathered. The word for appear in verse 9 is the Hebrew word ra’a:

appear – ra’a (Strong’s #H7200) – to see, look, view; to realize, know, consider; to be selected; to become visible, appear, show oneself; to be seen; to cause to see, show; to be shown; to look at each other, meet with;

This word indicates that the land was already there and was made visible when the waters were gathered into one place. So, what we have is all of the waters in one place and all the land in one place, like one big continent. Also, it is important to notice that whatever God commands to be done, it is done (“And it was so.”).  God again defines His creation. He calls the waters “seas” and the dry land “earth”, words that are still being used today! As we follow God’s creative actions, we see Him not only defining them, but He is also judging them. God calls His creation up to this point “good”. As we’ll see later on in the study, this presents a problem for those who try to fit millions of years into the Bible and for those who believe that death and sin happened before Adam and Eve.

On Day 3 we also have a transition taking place. Here God goes from creating the universe/earth for holding His handiwork to filling this creation. After the waters are gathered into one place and the dry land appears, God begins to fill it. He calls for the earth to sprout plants with their seed as well as fruit trees with their seed. Again, we see all of Creation obeying the command by God. The earth brings forth plants with their seed as well as fruit trees with their seed. A new phrase that we see here is “after their kind”.  This phrase is important for us to understand, especially in these days of evolutionary thought. In the Bible, everything that God created is to reproduce “after their kind” (see Genesis 1:12, 21, 24-25). Plants with seed reproduce “after their kind”, fruit trees produce “after their kind”; birds, sea creatures, and land animals all produce “after their kind”.

So, what is a kind? Well, that is a little difficult to explain but it is becoming clearer. It is difficult because of the evolutionary taxonomy that has been in use for so long. It has been said that a baramin (created kind) is somewhere between a species and a genus in evolutionary terms. This varies and could go even higher depending on the animal. What Biblical creationists define as a baramin is more consistent. To understand the created kind, it is helpful to understand a little history. At one time, scientists believed in “fixity of the species”, that is, God created every organism the way we see it today and they never changed (which could be visualized as a “lawn”). This was later rejected by creationists because of evidence. In the 1850’s, Charles Darwin gave out his theory of evolution (although it’s more like a hypothesis…) which said that all things evolved from a single organism without God. To help visualize this, he offered the Evolutionary Tree. At the trunk was the single ancestor of all things and as you went up, each type of animal branched off into smaller and smaller groups. Modern creationists, starting with the Bible and looking at the evidence they find today, have presented a different model called the Creationist Orchard. In this view, certain animals were created with all of the genetic information to produce the variety we continue to see today.

As time went on, some of these animals did just that and branched out into various different animals. All of these animals stayed within their created kind because it is the only way they can reproduce. As an example, let’s look at dogs. Wolves, coyotes, foxes, Dobermans, and even poodles are all from the same kind. They are different and do have differences in their genetic material, but they are all descended from the same original “dog” kind. Cats, on the other hand, did not come from this kind and are therefore a different kind that includes house cats, lions, tigers, and jaguars.  Another great example of this is mankind itself. According to scripture, every single person on the planet is descended from Adam and Eve (Genesis 1:26-27, Acts 17:26). Adam and Eve were created perfect. Being the ancestors of every person on the planet, they contained all of the genetic material necessary for creating the great varieties of eye color, skin color, hair color, as well as other attributes. This is important from a spiritual standpoint as well. Because Adam was there from the beginning (Matthew 19:4/Mark 10:6), there cannot be pre-Adamites (as some theories claim). Adam is the one who brought sin (and death) into the world (Romans 5:12). Jesus is a descendant of Adam and came to save all of Adam’s descendants from their sins. If there were others, they could not be saved from sin…

As with each day we’ve looked at so far, the description of this day ends with the phrase “and there was evening and there was morning”. Over and over we see the Lord telling us that each day was only 24 hours long (how many times does He have to tell us before we accept it?). Just as this ended the third day, it also ends our study for this week. If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to post them under the appropriate part of the study! We hope that you’ll be back next week as God continues filling His creation!

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